Drug Description :
Soma, a marketing name for carisoprodol, is a medication useful in painful musculoskeletal conditions. It is a short-term use of medicine for up to two to three weeks of use. The effects of soma generally begin within half an hour after the administration and last for up to six hours. It is an oral medication.
Carisoprodol, the active ingredient of soma, got approval for medical use in the United States in the year 1959. It comes both as a generic and brand medication. It is one of the most prescribed skeletal muscle pain medication in the United States, with above 2 million prescriptions per year. It comes under schedule-IV controlled substance in the Controlled Substance Act, passed in 1970.
People can buy soma online in the strengths of 250 mg and 350 mg of carisoprodol, a white crystalline powder with a mild, characteristic odor. Other than the active ingredient, soma pills also contain some inactive ingredients such as magnesium stearate, alginic acid, tribasic calcium phosphate, starch, and potassium sorbate. The tablets are white, with no added color preservatives.
Soma is useful in relaxing muscle after strains, sprains, or muscle injuries. Doctors recommend the use of adjunctively with rest, physical therapies, and other relaxing measures.
Soma is a short-term medication because skeletal muscle pain conditions generally do not last for more than three weeks. Also, there is no establishment of its safety and efficacy after a period of two to three weeks.
The usual soma dose of 350 mg is less likely to cause prominent side effects other than drowsiness and mild to moderate euphoric effects or dysphoria. The euphoria caused due to soma is generally of short duration due to the fast metabolism of soma’s active ingredient carisoprodol into its metabolites, namely meprobamate and others. According to some new researches, the euphoric effects are most likely due to the inherent potent anxiolytic effects of carisoprodol, as its responsible for significantly intense central nervous system effects than its metabolites (meprobamate). Carisoprodol has a unique action mechanism, qualitatively different form meprobamate.
Soma is well-tolerated without any adverse effects in the majority of patients who take it on prescription. However, in some patients, at the early stages of the therapy, soma can have a full spectrum of sedative side effects, impairing a person’s ability to operate, vehicles, firearm, and other types of machinery. These effects are more prominent when a person takes soma with alcohol.
The intensity of side effects lessens as the therapy continues, as with other medications. Some other side effects of soma include:
- Stomach upset
- Fast heart rate
- Skin rashes
The metabolite formed in the body by Soma was a subject of misuse in as early as the 1950s and 60s. The first overdose case of soma got reported in 1957 and continued since then.
The liver metabolizes carisoprodol, and it gets excreted by the kidneys, so patients with impaired renal or hepatic functions should use the medication with caution. Elderly people are more likely to have more severe effects of soma.
Dosages of Soma :
The usual recommended daily dosage of soma is 250 mg to 350 mg three times a day and at bedtime. However, do not exceed the dosages of more than 1050 mg per day. These are standard dosages for an average adult. A doctor may change and adjust the dose according to the need of the treatment.
People can order soma online in the dosage formulations of:
- Soma 250 mg tablets: convex, round-shaped white-colored tablets with a deboss of “SOMA 250” on one side
Available in the bottles of 30 tablets (NDC 0037-2250-30) and 100 tablets (NDC 0037-2250-10).
- Soma 350 mg tablets: convex, round-shaped white-colored tablets with a deboss of “SOMA 350” on one side
Available in the bottles of 100 tablets (NDC 0037-2001-01).
Withdrawal of Soma :
Soma contains carisoprodol that has the potential to produce physical dependence like barbiturate by long term use. Medically compromised patients may even require hospitalization for the withdrawal caused after extensive use. In severe cases, soma withdrawal is the same as alcohol withdrawal, including fatal effects such as potentially lethal status epilepticus.
Soma use may also cause psychological dependence, although this dependence is much less severe than with meprobamate. It is more common in those people who abuse soma or those having a history of drug abuse, particularly alcohol abuse. Psychological dependence reaches its clinical significance before the occurrence of physiological tolerance and dependence. It persists to varying levels of severity and intensity even for months and years after discontinuation.
Interactions of Soma :
- CNS Depressants
The sedative effects of soma and central nervous system depressants such as alcohol, benzodiazepines, opioids, tricyclic antidepressants are addictive. Therefore, it is necessary to be cautious with the patients who are taking central nervous system depressants. Concomitant use of soma and its CNS depressing metabolite meprobamate is also not recommendable.
- CYP2C19 Inducers and Inhibitors
Soma metabolizes in the liver by CYP2C19 to form meprobamate. Concomitant use of soma and any CYP2C19 inhibitor such as fluvoxamine or omeprazole results in increased carisoprodol exposure and deceased meprobamate exposure. Co-administering soma and CYP2C19 inducers such as St. John’s Wort or rifampin resulted in decreased carisoprodol exposure and increased meprobamate exposure.
Contraindications of Soma :
Soma generally does not contraindicate with many conditions or drugs. Read the following contraindications of soma before you buy soma online:
- Hypersensitivity reaction to carisoprodol or meprobamate
- Known sensitivity to any inactive ingredient of soma
- A history of acute intermittent porphyria
Abuse of Soma
Combining a muscle relaxant like soma with benzodiazepines and opioids refers to “The Holy Trinity” as they can increase the power of the “high.” Recreational use of soma usually seeks its potentially massive relaxant, sedative, and anxiolytic effects. Also, due to its impact on narcotics, people often abuse it in conjunction with many opioids. The standard drug testing screen cannot detect soma. DEA issued a Notice of Hearing on 26 March 2010, to place soma in the schedule-IV of the CSA (Controlled Substance Act).
Order soma online only for medicinal uses as its many overdose cases occur from the recreational use of soma by combining the medications with opioids or central nervous system depressants to combine their individual effects.
Overdose of Soma
An overdose of soma can be dangerous and requires immediate medical attention. The OASAS (Office of Alcoholism and Substance Abuse Services) of New York list the following symptoms of soma overdose:
- Extreme sedation
- Trouble breathing
Severe soma overdose can lead to permanent brain damage and even death. If someone overuses soma or use it without prescription, there is a much higher risk of overdose. Repeated abuse of soma leads to unintentional overdose.
Addiction of Soma:
According to some reviews, soma causes addiction in similar ways, like benzodiazepines. Its metabolite meprobamate is highly addictive. People abuse soma for its relaxing and sedating effects.
Many people addicted to soma originally started the medication on a doctor’s prescription to treat muscle pain. Chances of becoming a soma addict by prescription increases if people misuse it by taking more than prescribed doses, more frequent or prolonged doses.
Soma addicts are physically dependent on the medication. Once physically addicted, a person will experience withdrawal symptoms while lessening or stopping the use of the drug. The symptoms of soma withdrawal include:
- Muscle twitching
Signs of Addiction
Addiction to soma can affect every area of a person’s life. The addiction quickly leads to deterioration of the overall quality of life. Some signs of soma addiction include:
- Stealing or forging soma prescriptions
- Taking higher than prescribed doses
- Abusing the medication with other substances
- Excessive hostility or unexplained mood swings
- Insomnia or changes in sleep patterns
- Much more or less energetic than usual
Treatment of Addiction
If a person becomes addicted to soma, a doctor will instruct to begin slow tapering of the dosages. Tapering off soma, instead of abruptly stopping the medication, helps to avoid withdrawal symptoms. Completely tapering off soma usually takes just a week.
There are no FDA approved medications to treat soma addiction. Many different methods of behavioral therapy are effective in treating soma addiction. Doctors usually use therapy methods to provide support and a way of coping with drug addiction.
Soma Vs. Carisoprodol
Comparing soma vs. carisoprodol:
- Carisoprodol is a generic medication and a muscle relaxant. However, its usefulness is limiting due to its potential for dependence and sedation. Soma is the marketing version of carisoprodol. It is a prescription medication for skeletal muscle spasm.
- Both soma and carisoprodol are skeletal muscle relaxants available only on prescription.
- Since both the medicines have the same active ingredients, their effectiveness, onset of action, duration of action, efficacy, and side effects are similar.
Soma for Anxiety :
Soma contains carisoprodol, initially developed for the treatment of anxiety. Relieving fear, stress, and anxiety will certainly help reduce pain too. People often use soma for anxiety. However, it is not an FDA approved medication for treating anxiety like benzodiazepines.
Soma causes muscle relaxation, thus relieving musculoskeletal pain, sedation, and decreased anxiety. No studies establish its use for anxiety disorder, and there are no pieces of evidence of safety or efficacy in terms of anxiety treatment.